Acne Treatment in Nottingham

CONDITIONS

ACNE

Acne is a widespread skin concern; it’s thought to have affected almost all adults in the UK at some point in their lives. 

Although it’s commonly associated with puberty, increasing numbers of men and women present with adult acne and it’s frequently caused by menopausal hormonal changes.

Active acne has a profound impact on self-esteem and confidence, and although it can be challenging to treat, some products and treatments can improve and reduce acne.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What is acne?

Acne is an inflammatory skin condition that presents differently depending on the causes. Generally, there are four types of acne:

Cystic acne: this type of acne causes deep, painful, pus-filled nodules to form deep in the skin as oil and dead skin cells clog skin pores, which are then invaded with bacteria. Cystic acne is the most severe form of acne and often causes scarring.

Hormonal acne: our hormones control our sebum production, so at different times of our life or cycle, sebum is produced in excess, causing acne.

Fungal acne: this is caused by the build-up of yeast, or candida, in the hair follicles. This can quickly become inflamed.

Nodular acne: this is a severe type of acne where firm nodules form deep under the skin with a pimple on the surface.

Symptoms of acne on your skin include the following:

  • Pimples or pustules are pus-filled bumps.
  • Papules are small bumps that are typically red or purple and stand out from your natural skin colour.
  • Whiteheads: are pores filled with dead skin cells, oil and sebum but are closed and have a white top.
  • Blackheads are pores filled with the same materials but have an open top, so dirt gives it a black appearance.
  • Nodules are large lumps underneath the surface of your skin that are often painful.
  • Cysts are painful pus-filled lumps under your skin.

Acne is the result of several factors that all interact in complex ways. Fundamentally, it’s due to the overproduction of sebum, an oily substance essential to keep the skin hydrated. However, too much sebum can lead to oily skin and clogged pores. Dead skin cells and bacteria on the skin’s surface can combine with the sebum in the pores and become inflamed.

The overproduction of sebum, though, can be caused by various elements. We can be predisposed to this problem due to genetics, so if you have a family history of acne, you’re more likely to suffer from it.

Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause can all stimulate sebum production. Lifestyle factors can also play a role. Foods that are high in sugar cause surges of insulin; one side effect is an overproduction of sebum. Environmental factors such as pollution can also exacerbate acne.

Always avoid squeezing or picking at a pimple, however tempting it might be. This contributes to the spreading of infection further or causes scarring. Acne can be challenging to treat and often requires a combination of treatments to manage the condition effectively.

Dr Claudia Petillon

MEET

Dr Claudia Petillon

There is increasing pressure on us these days to appear ‘ageless’ and conform to celebrity ideals and this in turn can lead to confidence issues which I all too often see as a doctor.

I truly believe in a ‘less is more’ philosophy and want to work with my clients to achieve a more youthful version of themselves whilst retaining their full range of expression and not giving them a mask like look. I want your friends to comment on how well you are looking but not be able to tell that you have had a cosmetic treatment (that’s a secret that you can choose to keep to yourself)!

Dr Claudia on YouTube